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Mark's Almanac

  • It was on this date in 1874, Joseph Glidden received a patent for barbed wire. And on this date in 1947, the Hollywood Ten were found in contempt for their refusal to reveal whether they were communists to the House Un-American Activities Committee.
  • It was on this date in 1903 that Enrico Caruso opened the season at the New York Metropolitan Opera. And on this date in 1942, the German army was surrounded in Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the deadliest battles of World War II.
  • It was on this date in 1945, the first of thirteen Nuremberg trials began. The military tribunals centered on Nazi crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The most famous case was that of Hermann Goering, the former head of the Luftwaffe.
  • It was on this date in 1863 that President Abraham Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address. And on this date in 1964, Kellogg's introduced the morning treat, Pop-Tarts.
  • It was on this date in 1872 in Rochester, NY that suffragette Susan B. Anthony was charged with illegally voting. And on this date in 1963, the Bell system introduced the first electronic push button telephone.
  • It was on this date in 1884, the New York State Supreme Court ruled that John L. Sullivan had not been involved in an illegal prize fight. And it was on this date in 1933 that the Marx Brothers debuted their movie, Duck Soup.
  • On this date in 1801, the New York Evening Post debuted. The paper was put into motion by founding father, Alexander Hamilton. And it was on this date in 1959, the original Broadway production of The Sound of Music debuted.
  • It was on this date in 1895, the first shipment of canned pineapples arrived from Hawaii. And on this date in 1967, Carl Stokes was sworn in as the first Black mayor of an American city. That city was Cleveland, Ohio.
  • It was on this date in 1900, the Exposition Universelle in Paris closed. The most famous structure created for the exposition was the Eiffel Tower. And it was on this date in 1948, Japanese Prime Minister and general, Hideki Tojo was sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
  • It was on this date in 1918, the Armistice was signed by the Allies and Germany thus ending World War I. And it was on this date in 1940, Willy's unveiled its military general-purpose vehicle now known as a Jeep.