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Mark's Almanac

  • First developed by head chemist Maurice Treneer, Alka-Seltzer first appeared on this date in 1931. And it was on this date in 1989 that both U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev declared the Cold War officially over.
  • It was on this date in 1901 that American businessman, King C. Gillette began selling the first safety razors. And on this date in 2001, the Enron Corporation filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • It was on this date in 1913 that the Good Gulf gasoline station became the world's first drive-in gas station. A marker now stands at its original location in Pittsburgh, PA. And it was on this date also in 1913, Henry Ford initiated the first moving assembly line.
  • It was on this day in 1866 that work began on the first underwater highway tunnel was constructed in Chicago. And on this date in 1950, U.S. President Harry S. Truman stated in regards to the ongoing fighting in Korea that he would "take whatever steps were necessary to contain expansion in Korea."
  • It was on this date in 1919, pianist and composer Ignacy Jan Paderewski resigned as Polish Prime Minister. And on this date in 1934, Baby Face Nelson was mortally wounded in a shoot out with FBI special agents.
  • It was on this date in 1922 that the first Technicolor movie, The Toll of the Sea premiered in New York City. And on this date in 1942, the film Casablanca also premiered in New York City.
  • It was on this date in 1905 that the first ad for radio was printed in Scientific American magazine. And on this date in 1949, the song Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer premiered. The song went to number one on the charts through the holidays.
  • It was on this date in 1874, Joseph Glidden received a patent for barbed wire. And on this date in 1947, the Hollywood Ten were found in contempt for their refusal to reveal whether they were communists to the House Un-American Activities Committee.
  • It was on this date in 1903 that Enrico Caruso opened the season at the New York Metropolitan Opera. And on this date in 1942, the German army was surrounded in Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the deadliest battles of World War II.
  • It was on this date in 1945, the first of thirteen Nuremberg trials began. The military tribunals centered on Nazi crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The most famous case was that of Hermann Goering, the former head of the Luftwaffe.