News
News Home
Quick Bites
Exploradio
News Archive
News Channel
Special Features
NPR
nowplaying
On AirNewsClassical
Loading...
  
School Closings
WKSU Support
Funding for WKSU is made possible in part through support from the following businesses and organizations.

Metro RTA

Northeast Ohio Medical University

The Holden Arboretum


For more information on how your company or organization can support WKSU, download the WKSU Media Kit.

(WKSU Media Kit PDF icon )


Donate Your Vehicle to WKSU

Programs Schedule Make A Pledge Member BenefitsFAQ/HelpContact Us
Environment


How the decisions are made on extending the life of nuclear reactors
71 of 104 nuclear power plants in the U.S. have gotten license extensions
by WKSU's TIM RUDELL


Reporter
Tim Rudell
 
Cooling tower at Davis Besse Nuclear Power Station. The plant went on line in 1978. It's sister plant, Perry, was on line commercially in 1987. Both are owned by Akron-based First Eneregy
Download (WKSU Only)
In The Region:

Ohio’s two nuclear power plants want to live on for at least another 20 years. Davis-Besse and Perry (both are on the shores of Lake Erie, owned by Akron-based First Energy, and aging) are putting in for license extensions with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.  And  WKSU’s Tim Rudell says there are some surprises in what the commission can and cannot consider in making its decision.

Click to listen

Other options:
Windows Media / MP3 Download (4:40)


(Click image for larger view.)

Nothing to do with projected life-span
The first thing to understand is that the original 40-year life of the license has nothing to do with a projected life-span for the plants. 

Page 47 of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Information Digest, reads: “Economic and antitrust considerations, not nuclear technology, determined the original term for reactor licenses.“ So finance, not fission determined the time frame.

A constant state of adjustment
But, Howard Whitcomb, a Port Clinton lawyer who has spent most of his professional life in the nuclear energy field, says there was more to it.

 “They came up with a rather arbitrary figure; although many of the systems were designed for a much longer than that, the 40 year, I think, was to encompass the existing design but the anticipated changes that would have to happen. Nuclear facilities are dynamic systems. They are not static.  In other words, you’re not going to design a redundant backup system and expect that it is not going to undergo changes.”

Ann Marie Stone is chief of license review in the regulatory commission’s Region 3, which includes Ohio. At a recent visit to Oak Harbor, home of Davis-Besse, she said Whitcomb is right about nuclear plants being in a constant state of adjustment due to everything from new technology to new rules; and she said that is a factor in how licensing extension is handled. “A plant that was licensed 30 years ago, for example, is not the same plant today. There are things that have changed.”

Environmental and technical factors
Stone says the review looks at the plants and reactors as they exist today, and are most likely to be in the future; and the review falls into to two broad categories. “One is environmental, which looks at the environmental impact of going the additional 20 years: looking at replacement power; looking at what is the impact on the socio-economic of the area. Then, you have the technical. There were some evaluations done to the 40 year, and they need to be done to 60 years, and in sometimes even beyond that.”

She says everything from the original design forward is reviewed, but special attention goes to areas that aren’t thought about at other times. “We really focus on passive equipment. The safety-related equipment is heavily inspected in the current inspection program. It’s the passive items that we don’t look at as extensively. In the license renewal space we’re looking at it as ‘can that piece of equipment, a waste water pipe for example, as it’s getting older; can that impact a safety related piece of equipment’?”

What about management?
During his career, Howard Whitcomb worked for both the NRC and for Davis-Besse-Perry owner First Energy. He’s now a critic of both organizations. He says while the technical reviews for license renewal are well and good, something else should be even more heavily considered. “There’s a technical aspect and a management aspect. The NRC, in terms of the relicensing has to look at how has the management dealt with regulations, and how have they operated the plant.”

Both the Davis-Besse and Perry nuclear power stations have had repeated and serious problems over the years. They have included a criminal case and long shutdowns of Davis-Besse to deal with severe damage to the reactor head, and problems with safety training at Perry.

But, Ann Marie Stone says a record of difficulty is not normally part of the license renewal review because such things are already more urgent.  “That would be a concern under the current license. If a licensee is not following regulations, if their operators are creating errors, that needs to be addressed now.

A driver's license analogy
And she says, while license renewals are done case-by-case, they don’t usually decide an operator’s “suitability” for the future based on how they performed in the past. “A good analogy would be your driver’s license. Well, you got pulled over for speeding. Now, it’s up for renewal of your driver’s license. They don’t take a look at that and say, ‘Well, you’ve had a speeding ticket, you’ll possibly have a speeding ticket again in the future, therefore I’m not going to renew your license.'”

The review process for a license extension normally takes 20 to 24 months. However, final decisions for Davis-Besse, Perry and about three dozen other reactor license extensions won’t come until after the NRC satisfies a separate federal court order – assessing the risk when it comes to storing spent fuel rods, regardless of where they originated.  


Related WKSU Stories

Public meeting shown how regulators came to their decision
Friday, August 10, 2012

Davis Besse's renewal is not affected by NRC suspension, for now
Wednesday, August 8, 2012

Add Your Comment
Name:

Location:

E-mail: (not published, only used to contact you about your comment)


Comments:




 
Page Options

Print this page

E-Mail this page / Send mp3

Share on Facebook




Stories with Recent Comments

Bridgestone exec indictments are latest step in a billion-dollar price-fixing case
Why is O.P.E.C Not investigated and charges brought against it and it's member companies? It sounds exactly the same...

Ohio's new drilling rules rely on known earthquake faults
requiring drillers to place seismic monitors when they drill within 3 miles of known fault lines. This comment really upsets me!! What good does an instrument t...

Kasich's gubernatorial ad focuses on his blue-collar roots
John Kasich is the biggest con-man in America. He will say one thing and then do the opposite. He is terribly successful at fooling the public and he is worki...

Cab drivers who refuse to drive Gay Games taxis will be replaced
the irony is that most americans distrust or hate muslims much more than they hate gays!! silly ignorant bigots-GO HOME!!!

New transportation companies come to Cleveland
Ride-sharing companies are breaking laws and regulations every day. From regulatory fee evasion to use of smartphone while driving (and even two smartphones(!) ...

Cleveland anti-poverty agency executive resigns amid financial probe
That committee won't be too independent. He plans to stay on until after the new appointee is chosen.

How can you wipe a criminal record clean?
Great article! NO CLINIC in May 2014, however, because it's graduation month for students For the next dates of the FREE Legal Clinic to help with Expungment,...

Drilling remains suspended while ODNR investigates NE Ohio earthquakes
Flaring and lights, so has all been halted? Also, smell of HS2 and sounds of an auger/drilling/water rushing underground. So, has all been halted? In light of t...

Will the Ohio River carry fracking wastewater?
Texas $ vs. WV citizens . Who will our governor listen to?

Copyright © 2014 WKSU Public Radio, All Rights Reserved.

 
In Partnership With:

NPR PRI Kent State University

listen in windows media format listen in realplayer format Car Talk Hosts: Tom & Ray Magliozzi Fresh Air Host: Terry Gross A Service of Kent State University 89.7 WKSU | NPR.Classical.Other smart stuff. NPR Senior Correspondent: Noah Adams Living on Earth Host: Steve Curwood 89.7 WKSU | NPR.Classical.Other smart stuff. A Service of Kent State University