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Health and Medicine


New report ranks the health of Ohio's counties
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute released county-by-county health rankings for more than 3,000 counties in all 50 states
by WKSU's M.L. SCHULTZE


Web Editor
M.L. Schultze
 
The first county-by-county measure of health in the United States shows northeast Ohio has several of the healthiest areas in the state, and some of the least healthy.
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 Source: www.countyhealthrankings.org/ohio

Snapshot 2010: Cuyahoga

  Cuyahoga
County
Error
Margin
Target
Value*
OH
Value
Rank
(of 88)
Health Outcomes 70
Mortality 59
Premature death 8,150 7,976-8,324 6,008 7,590  
Morbidity 76
Poor or fair health 15% 13-16% 10% 14%  
Poor physical health days 3.3 3.0-3.6 2.5 3.5  
Poor mental health days 3.8 3.4-4.2 2.6 3.7  
Low birthweight 10% 10-10% 6% 8%  
Health Factors 47
Health Behaviors 27
Adult smoking 22% 20-24% 16% 24%  
Adult obesity 28% 26-31% 28% 28%  
Binge drinking 17% 15-19% 10% 16%  
Motor vehicle crash death rate 7 7-8 11 13  
Chlamydia rate 625   75 413  
Teen birth rate 45 44-46 22 41  
Clinical Care 5
Uninsured adults 11% 10-12% 11% 12%  
Primary care provider rate 185   143 118  
Preventable hospital stays 88 88-89 72 86  
Diabetic screening 79% 79-80% 86% 81%  
Hospice use 40% 39-41% 43% 36%  
Social & Economic Factors 77
High school graduation 71%   93% 79%  
College degrees 27% 27-28% 28% 23%  
Unemployment 7% 7-7% 6% 7%  
Children in poverty 23% 22-25% 10% 18%  
Income inequality 48   37 45  
Inadequate social support 20% 18-22% 11% 20%  
Single-parent households 11% 11-12% 7% 10%  
Homicide rate 8 8-9 1 5  
Physical Environment 70
Air pollution-particulate matter days 18   1 5  
Air pollution-ozone days 11   2 9  
Access to healthy foods 73%   67% 45%  
Liquor store density 0.7   0.2 0.8  

 


Snapshot 2010: Summit

  Summit
County
Error
Margin
Target
Value*
OH
Value
Rank
(of 88)
Health Outcomes 43
Mortality 37
Premature death 7,239 6,988-7,491 6,008 7,590  
Morbidity 47
Poor or fair health 13% 11-14% 10% 14%  
Poor physical health days 3.1 2.8-3.5 2.5 3.5  
Poor mental health days 3.6 3.1-4.1 2.6 3.7  
Low birthweight 9% 8-9% 6% 8%  
Health Factors 24
Health Behaviors 14
Adult smoking 25% 23-27% 16% 24%  
Adult obesity 28% 26-29% 28% 28%  
Binge drinking 16% 15-19% 10% 16%  
Motor vehicle crash death rate 9 8-10 11 13  
Chlamydia rate 320   75 413  
Teen birth rate 38 37-39 22 41  
Clinical Care 9
Uninsured adults 11% 10-13% 11% 12%  
Primary care provider rate 141   143 118  
Preventable hospital stays 84 82-85 72 86  
Diabetic screening 81% 80-82% 86% 81%  
Hospice use 40% 38-43% 43% 36%  
Social & Economic Factors 46
High school graduation 80%   93% 79%  
College degrees 29% 28-30% 28% 23%  
Unemployment 6% 6-6% 6% 7%  
Children in poverty 20% 18-23% 10% 18%  
Income inequality 45   37 45  
Inadequate social support 17% 15-19% 11% 20%  
Single-parent households 9% 9-10% 7% 10%  
Homicide rate 5 4-6 1 5  
Physical Environment 81
Air pollution-particulate matter days 9   1 5  
Air pollution-ozone days 21   2 9  
Access to healthy foods 47%   67% 45%  
Liquor store density 0.9   0.2 0.8  

 


Snapshot 2010: Stark

  Stark
County
Error
Margin
Target
Value*
OH
Value
Rank
(of 88)
Health Outcomes 40
Mortality 27
Premature death 6,794 6,496-7,092 6,008 7,590  
Morbidity 62
Poor or fair health 15% 12-18% 10% 14%  
Poor physical health days 3.4 2.9-4.0 2.5 3.5  
Poor mental health days 3.8 3.0-4.5 2.6 3.7  
Low birthweight 9% 8-9% 6% 8%  
Health Factors 44
Health Behaviors 69
Adult smoking 24% 20-28% 16% 24%  
Adult obesity 30% 28-33% 28% 28%  
Binge drinking 16% 13-20% 10% 16%  
Motor vehicle crash death rate 13 11-14 11 13  
Chlamydia rate 338   75 413  
Teen birth rate 39 37-40 22 41  
Clinical Care 21
Uninsured adults 11% 10-13% 11% 12%  
Primary care provider rate 112   143 118  
Preventable hospital stays 77 76-79 72 86  
Diabetic screening 83% 82-84% 86% 81%  
Hospice use 23% 21-25% 43% 36%  
Social & Economic Factors 45
High school graduation 84%   93% 79%  
College degrees 20% 19-21% 28% 23%  
Unemployment 7% 7-7% 6% 7%  
Children in poverty 15% 13-17% 10% 18%  
Income inequality 44   37 45  
Inadequate social support 19% 16-22% 11% 20%  
Single-parent households 11% 10-12% 7% 10%  
Homicide rate 3 3-4 1 5  
Physical Environment 55
Air pollution-particulate matter days 8   1 5  
Air pollution-ozone days 14   2 9  
Access to healthy foods 58%   67% 45%  
Liquor store density 0.8   0.2 0.8

 

Snapshot 2010: Portage

  Portage
County
Error
Margin
Target
Value*
OH
Value
Rank
(of 88)
Health Outcomes 16
Mortality 16
Premature death 6,340 5,902-6,777 6,008 7,590  
Morbidity 23
Poor or fair health 12% 9-16% 10% 14%  
Poor physical health days 3.1 2.0-4.1 2.5 3.5  
Poor mental health days 2.9 1.9-3.9 2.6 3.7  
Low birthweight 7% 7-8% 6% 8%  
Health Factors 19
Health Behaviors 16
Adult smoking 24% 18-31% 16% 24%  
Adult obesity 29% 25-33% 28% 28%  
Binge drinking 14% 10-19% 10% 16%  
Motor vehicle crash death rate 12 10-14 11 13  
Chlamydia rate 140   75 413  
Teen birth rate 20 19-22 22 41  
Clinical Care 41
Uninsured adults 13% 11-14% 11% 12%  
Primary care provider rate 55   143 118  
Preventable hospital stays 92 89-96 72 86  
Diabetic screening 85% 83-87% 86% 81%  
Hospice use 42% 37-47% 43% 36%  
Social & Economic Factors 12
High school graduation 90%   93% 79%  
College degrees 24% 23-26% 28% 23%  
Unemployment 6% 6-6% 6% 7%  
Children in poverty 13% 11-15% 10% 18%  
Income inequality 42   37 45  
Inadequate social support 11% 7-17% 11% 20%  
Single-parent households 8% 7-9% 7% 10%  
Homicide rate     1 5  
Physical Environment 85
Air pollution-particulate matter days 8   1 5  
Air pollution-ozone days 26   2 9  
Access to healthy foods 37%   67% 45%  
Liquor store density 0.6   0.2 0.8  

 

Snapshot 2010: Lorain

  Lorain
County
Error
Margin
Target
Value*
OH
Value
Rank
(of 88)
Health Outcomes 36
Mortality 26
Premature death 6,782 6,453-7,112 6,008 7,590  
Morbidity 49
Poor or fair health 17% 14-21% 10% 14%  
Poor physical health days 3.6 3.1-4.0 2.5 3.5  
Poor mental health days 3.3 2.8-3.8 2.6 3.7  
Low birthweight 8% 8-8% 6% 8%  
Health Factors 40
Health Behaviors 29
Adult smoking 24% 21-27% 16% 24%  
Adult obesity 29% 26-32% 28% 28%  
Binge drinking 15% 13-19% 10% 16%  
Motor vehicle crash death rate 9 8-10 11 13  
Chlamydia rate 203   75 413  
Teen birth rate 40 38-41 22 41  
Clinical Care 47
Uninsured adults 12% 11-14% 11% 12%  
Primary care provider rate 70   143 118  
Preventable hospital stays 96 94-99 72 86  
Diabetic screening 78% 77-80% 86% 81%  
Hospice use 43% 40-46% 43% 36%  
Social & Economic Factors 51
High school graduation 75%   93% 79%  
College degrees 20% 19-21% 28% 23%  
Unemployment 7% 7-7% 6% 7%  
Children in poverty 17% 15-20% 10% 18%  
Income inequality 43   37 45  
Inadequate social support 19% 15-23% 11% 20%  
Single-parent households 11% 10-12% 7% 10%  
Homicide rate 3 2-4 1 5  
Physical Environment 4
Air pollution-particulate matter days 4   1 5  
Air pollution-ozone days 7   2 9  
Access to healthy foods 75%   67% 45%  
Liquor store density 0.7   0.2 0.8  

 

Snapshot 2010: Medina

  Medina
County
Error
Margin
Target
Value*
OH
Value
Rank
(of 88)
Health Outcomes 4
Mortality 3
Premature death 5,122 4,733-5,511 6,008 7,590  
Morbidity 9
Poor or fair health 10% 7-15% 10% 14%  
Poor physical health days 2.7 1.5-3.9 2.5 3.5  
Poor mental health days 2.9 1.9-3.8 2.6 3.7  
Low birthweight 7% 6-7% 6% 8%  
Health Factors 4
Health Behaviors 5
Adult smoking 19% 14-24% 16% 24%  
Adult obesity 28% 24-33% 28% 28%  
Binge drinking 11% 8-16% 10% 16%  
Motor vehicle crash death rate 9 7-11 11 13  
Chlamydia rate 79   75 413  
Teen birth rate 18 17-20 22 41  
Clinical Care 28
Uninsured adults 13% 11-14% 11% 12%  
Primary care provider rate 87   143 118  
Preventable hospital stays 87 84-90 72 86  
Diabetic screening 83% 80-85% 86% 81%  
Hospice use 43% 38-48% 43% 36%  
Social & Economic Factors 5
High school graduation 96%   93% 79%  
College degrees 28% 26-30% 28% 23%  
Unemployment 6% 6-6% 6% 7%  
Children in poverty 8% 6-9% 10% 18%  
Income inequality 39   37 45  
Inadequate social support 17% 12-25% 11% 20%  
Single-parent households 8% 7-9% 7% 10%  
Homicide rate     1 5  
Physical Environment 63
Air pollution-particulate matter days 3   1 5  
Air pollution-ozone days 17   2 9  
Access to healthy foods 27%   67% 45%  
Liquor store density 0.6   0.2 0.8  

 

Snapshot 2010: Wayne

  Wayne
County
Error
Margin
Target
Value*
OH
Value
Rank
(of 88)
Health Outcomes 8
Mortality 25
Premature death 6,780 6,249-7,311 6,008 7,590  
Morbidity 2
Poor or fair health 11% 7-16% 10% 14%  
Poor physical health days 2.2 1.4-3.1 2.5 3.5  
Poor mental health days 2.0 1.2-2.8 2.6 3.7  
Low birthweight 6% 5-6% 6% 8%  
Health Factors 12
Health Behaviors 15
Adult smoking 22% 15-30% 16% 24%  
Adult obesity 29% 25-34% 28% 28%  
Binge drinking 11% 7-17% 10% 16%  
Motor vehicle crash death rate 15 12-17 11 13  
Chlamydia rate 167   75 413  
Teen birth rate 26 24-27 22 41  
Clinical Care 20
Uninsured adults 12% 10-14% 11% 12%  
Primary care provider rate 82   143 118  
Preventable hospital stays 78 75-82 72 86  
Diabetic screening 84% 82-86% 86% 81%  
Hospice use 43% 38-48% 43% 36%  
Social & Economic Factors 20
High school graduation 80%   93% 79%  
College degrees 18% 17-20% 28% 23%  
Unemployment 6% 5-6% 6% 7%  
Children in poverty 13% 11-16% 10% 18%  
Income inequality 41   37 45  
Inadequate social support 19% 12-28% 11% 20%  
Single-parent households 8% 6-9% 7% 10%  
Homicide rate     1 5  
Physical Environment 43
Air pollution-particulate matter days 7   1 5  
Air pollution-ozone days 4   2 9  
Access to healthy foods 63%   67% 45%  
Liquor store density 1.3   0.2 0.8  

* 90th percentile, i.e., only 10% are better
Note: Blank values reflect unreliable or missing data

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