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Hallelujah Chorus Manuscript
Hallelujah Chorus Manuscript
(British Library)

The first performance of Handel’s oratorio Messiah was around Eastertide, but you’d never know it – in our time it’s become a Christmas season standard.

This December (2013), though, it’s not on the concert schedule for any of Northeast Ohio’s big-name ensembles – the Cleveland Orchestra, Apollo’s Fire, the Akron Symphony Orchestra, or the Canton Symphony.

But that’s OK. You’ll still have plenty of chances to hear it – or even sing it yourself – especially if you don’t mind doing a bit of traveling.

This upcoming Sunday (8 December) yields something close to a surfeit of Messiah programs, if that’s even possible! But if none of these half-dozen performances suits, you’ll still have a few more opportunities before the season passes.

That includes a rare chance to hear a performance that bills itself as the entire oratorio – all the choruses, all the arias, all the recitatives.

Why would this be so unusual? It’s a purely practical reason. By the AFM (American Federation of Musicians) definition, an orchestra service is 2 1/2 hours long with one 15-minute break*. An uncut Messiah performance can blast right past that, sometimes taking the better part of 3 hours.

I’ve seen conductors squeeze in every selection right under the wire by taking some very brisk tempi, but normally a complete Messiah means overtime for the orchestra – and that’s not usually in the budget. So, it’s standard practice to omit a few sections of the oratorio.

Although I’m sure I’ve missed some, here’s the Messiah concert list I’ve compiled, in order of performance date and time. Feel free to add any others you know about in the comments below.

Sunday 8 December, 2pm: Toledo Symphony. The orchestra joins with the Toledo Choral Society, BGSU choruses, and soloists Cheryl Babb, Katherine Calcamuggio, Richard Mathey, Shawn Mathey, and Kevin Foos. Peristyle Theater, 2445 Monroe Street, Toledo, 43604. Admission is $35 (419 246-8000 or online).

Sunday 8 December, 3pm: Tuscarawas Philharmonic Orchestra and Chorus. First Baptist Church, 878 Commercial Ave SW, New Philadelphia, 44663. FREE Admission. Excerpts.

Sunday 8 December, 3pm: Galion Community Chorus with orchestra. First United Church of Christ, 248 Harding Way West, Galion.

Sunday 8 December, 4pm and 7pm: Warren Civic Chorus. Blessed Sacrament Church, 3020 Reeves Road, Warren 44483. Like public radio, it’s free, but your contribution will help them keep it going.

Sunday 8 December, 7pm: Messiah Chorus of Lake County. St Gabriel Church, 9925 Johnnycake Ridge Rd, Concord Township. Free (but they’ll pass the hat).

Sunday 8 December, 7pm: Orrville Community Chorus. Seventieth Annual Messiah Performance. Central Christian School, 3970 Kidron Rd, Kidron 44636. The chorus is accompanied by piano. Admission $5, free for students through 8th grade.

Friday 20 December, 8pm: Mansfield Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, with St Peter’s Traditional Choir, OSU-Mansfield Chorus and soloists. St Peter’s Catholic Church, 54 S Mulberry Street, Mansfield 44902 (419 522-2726). Thomas Hong conducts a real rarity – the complete Messiah. Suggested donation $15.

Saturday 21 December, 7:30pm; Sunday 22 December 2pm: Cincinnati Symphony, with May Festival Chorus. John Nelson conducts. The Saturday concert is an abbreviated ("family friendly") version at Hope Church, 4934 Western Row Rd, Mason 45040. Saturday’s concert is a more nearly complete reading at Cincinnati’s Music Hall, 1241 Elm St. Admission Saturday: adults, $25; kids, $12. Admission Sunday: $25-105. Ticket info at 513 381-3300 or online.

Sunday 22 December, 6:30pm: Dayton Philharmonic and Dayton Philharmonic Chamber Choir. Westminster Presbyterian Church, 125 N Wilkinson Street, Dayton 45402. Admission $14-28 (937 224-3521 or online).

Messiah Singalongs. If you really love Handel’s oratorio, there’s nothing like being in the middle of it! These performances give you the chance. If you know the music, or if you’re a good sight-reader, grab a score and join in. If you’d rather listen, you can just sit and soak up Handel’s glorious choral writing.

One is a couple of hours away: Columbus’s Promusica Chamber Orchestra is putting together a Messiah singalong on Friday 13 December at 7pm. Take your score! It’s at Southern Theatre, 21 East Main St, Columbus 43215. Admission is $20 (614 464-0066 or online).

On Sunday 15 December at 7:30pm, Credo Chamber Music will give you the opportunity to sing Hallelujah and more, and in Severance Hall’s Reinberger Chamber Hall to boot. Oberlin viola professor Peter Slowik will conduct, with soloists from Oberlin Conservatory. Admission is $15 (216 231-1111 or online). If you don’t own a score, another $5 gets you one to use for the evening.

If you’re free on Wednesday 18 December at 12:10pm, you can join in a long-standing Cleveland tradition – the annual "Messiah Sing" at Cleveland’s Trinity Cathedral. Music director Todd Wilson conducts Trinity’s justly famous chamber orchestra – and you – in Part 1 (the Nativity sequence), and then wraps up with the Hallelujah Chorus, which Handel placed at the end of Part 2 (the Easter sequence). This will be about an hour’s worth of music. Admission is FREE (say thanks to sponsor Mrs Robin Hitchcock Hatch). Even the parking is free.

Know of a Messiah performance that I’ve missed? Add it in the comments below!


*That’s also one reason that concerts have intermissions. Yes, Handel had intermissions in his oratorios, too. But that was because the singers demanded them. The poor orchestra players – and Handel himself – didn’t get a break. They were expected to keep the audience entertained while the singers did whatever they did to relax.

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Jeannette Sorrell
Jeannette Sorrell (WKSU)

This year, Apollo’s Fire will present two holiday programs in December. Early in the month they’ll revive their sold-out hit from the past two years, Sacrum Mysterium, in 5 Cleveland area locations. Then, from the 13th to the 16th, longtime favorite Christmas Vespers will return to 4 locations in Cleveland and Akron.

If you’re a WKSU supporting member, your section B or C tickets for Sacrum Mysterium at St Noel Church in Willoughby Hills and for Christmas Vespers at Westminster Presbyterian Church in Akron will be half-price. See apollosfire.org for more ticket information.

Last year, when Apollo’s Fire released Sacrum Mysterium as a CD, one of our classical stream announcers, Julie Amacher, interviewed director Jeannette Sorrell about the program and reviewed the CD. Read and listen here.

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John F Kennedy
President John F Kennedy
(Schiller Institute)

Leonard Bernstein was in a fix. The man he’d supported for the presidency of the United States was to be inaugurated the next day, and he was to launch a gala celebration at the White House with his own newly composed fanfare. But Washington’s streets were nearly impassable, choked by a blizzard.

It took a police escort, but Bernstein made it to the White House. Under the circumstances, a side trip to his hotel for a change of clothes was out of the question, so on the evening of 19 January, 1961, Leonard Bernstein conducted the 30-second Fanfare for JFK without his tails. The best he could do was a borrowed, outsize dress shirt as he led an orchestra assembled from musicians who’d plowed their way through the daunting weather.

Not that a lack of formal wear was going to exclude Leonard Bernstein from the Kennedy White House. He and John Fitzgerald Kennedy had been friends for years. Both were Harvard graduates; they’d met while appearing in a mid-1950s television special about life at the school. Politically, Bernstein had deeply held progressive leanings, so backing Kennedy was natural for him. He was also close to first lady Jacqueline Kennedy.

Leonard Bernstein conducts, 24 Nov 1963
Leonard Bernstein conducts, 24 Nov 1963
(Columbia Broadcasting System)

Two years and 10 months later, Leonard Bernstein – with all Americans – recoiled in shock and horror as the news reached him: an assassin’s bullet had ended the dynamic young president’s life.

Two days after those harrowing events of 22 November 1963, Bernstein took to television’s CBS network to deliver a musical memorial to his friend. He led the New York Philharmonic in a work he’d recorded just that year – Gustav Mahler’s transcendent, transformative "Resurrection" Symphony. Assisting him were soloists Lucine Amara and Jennie Tourel, and the Schola Cantorum of New York.

Bernstein’s hastily arranged concert was not the first classical music broadcast to honor the nation’s fallen president.

Samuel Barber
Samuel Barber

In times of deep public mourning, America has, since at least the 1945 death of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, almost universally turned to Samuel Barber’s Adagio for Strings. Despite its emotional intensity, the work projects both simplicity and strength. Even those unfamiliar with it find that it helps them compose their minds and hearts. The major US television networks aired the Barber Adagio when the president’s death was announced.

Their choice was apt, and not just because of tradition. The Adagio was one of President Kennedy’s favorite works. His widow Jacqueline Kennedy requested that the National Symphony Orchestra perform it on Monday the 25th, the same day as the president’s funeral mass. They played to an empty hall, but the concert was broadcast.

Erich Leinsdorf
Erich Leinsdorf

The first known classical music concert broadcast in the late president’s memory took place in Boston much earlier – just minutes after his death had been announced.

On the afternoon of the 22nd, the Boston Symphony was set to play a concert to air live over Boston public radio station WGBH. Minutes before the scheduled 2:00pm start of the program – 1:00 Dallas time – Boston Symphony librarian William Shisler received an urgent message from music director Erich Leinsdorf.

Shisler already knew that the president had been shot. He’d been working in the library, and his wife had called with the news. Now Leinsdorf told him to locate and distribute the music for Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony. The musicians were already onstage. Quickly, Shisler explained to each what had happened.

The WGBH announcer introduced the first scheduled work, Rimsky-Korsakov’s Le Coq d’Or suite. The engineer brought up the microphones.

But instead of raising his baton, Leinsdorf turned to the audience and spoke: "Ladies and gentlemen, we have a press report over the wires – we hope that it is unconfirmed, but we have to doubt it – that the president of the United States has been the victim of an assassination. We will play the funeral march from Beethoven’s third symphony."

Listen:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

Isaac Stern, 1963
Isaac Stern, 1963
(University Musical Society)

That same fateful Friday afternoon in November, violinist Isaac Stern was at the Dallas airport. He was en route to a Saturday concert date with the San Antonio Symphony when he too learned that the president had been murdered.

Stern was slated to play the Sibelius concerto, but at the next morning’s rehearsal, he found that he simply couldn’t. It wasn’t in his heart. That evening, Stern wept as he played the Bach Chaconne in tribute to his fallen friend. The orchestra sat, silent.

The president’s funeral mass was on Monday at Washington’s St Matthew’s Cathedral. It was a low mass, so no complete requiem setting was performed. However, the St Matthew’s Choir presented excerpts from Lorenzo Perosi’s requeim; and tenor Luigi Vena sang several sacred works, including Schubert’s Ave Maria. (Almost 46 years later, soprano Susan Graham sang the same Ave Maria at Senator Edward Kennedy’s funeral mass.)

Georges Bizet and Ernest Guiraud
Georges Bizet and Ernest Guiraud
(Wikimedia Commons)

According to William Manchester, author of The Death of a President, Jacqueline Kennedy also requested that Vena sing a work that he had performed at her wedding.

What we usually call the Bizet Agnus Dei is indeed Bizet’s music, but it’s not really his setting. After Bizet’s death, his publisher asked Bizet’s friend, the American-born Ernest Guiraud, to arrange a second suite from Bizet’s incidental music for the play L’Arlesienne. Guiraud went further, fitting the sacred Agnus Dei text to the intermezzo from the suite.

The First Lady’s request wasn’t honored that Monday, but we’ll honor it this evening through a performance by tenor Luciano Pavarotti.

The full Requiem Mass for President Kennedy took place at Boston’s Holy Cross Cathedral almost two months later, on 19 January 1964 – exactly three years after Bernstein had conducted his fanfare at the president’s inauguration. Cardinal Cushing officiated.

The Requiem setting was Mozart’s. At Jacqueline Kennedy’s request, Erich Leinsdorf led the Boston Symphony along with the Chorus Pro Musica, the Harvard and Radcliffe Glee Clubs, and the Seminarians of St John’s. Soloists were soprano Saramae Endich, alto Eunice Alberts, tenor Nicholas DiVirgilio, and baritone Mac Morgan.

The performance was recorded and originally issued in 1964 as a 2-record set. A recent CD release was timed to coincide with this 50th anniversary of President Kennedy’s assassination.

Warren Benson
Warren Benson
(Louis Ouzer)

Web exclusive: When percussionist and composer Warren Benson (1924-2005) began work on a new piece in 1963, his goal was simple: to create a wind band composition with a broad range of expression. The unrelenting energy of most existing band works "just wore you out by the time it was over," Benson said.

But then came November, and everything changed. "The news really devastated us," he said. "I guess it was on the next Monday that one of my percussion students brought in [the poem] Autumn by Rainer Maria Rilke. The first line captivated me because it seemed like everything was going to pot … the upbeat spirit of the Kennedy Administration had just been blown away."

Benson married his earlier musical ideas with the Lutheran hymn Ein Feste Burg to complete The Leaves Are Falling in honor of the late president’s legacy.

Listen to Warren Benson’s The Leaves Are Falling:

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("The President’s Own" US Marines Band conducted by Colonel Michael J Colburn – courtesy USMC)

As we reflect on President Kennedy’s life and death, it’s worth remembering the part that music plays in helping us through our darkest moments.

At its core, music is organized sound. If we’re to bring order and peace to this disordered, violent world, the place to start is inside our own hearts, where music’s quiet rigor raises a bulwark against chaos. As Bernstein said the day after his 1963 memorial concert, "This will be our reply to violence: to make music more intensely, more beautifully, more devotedly than ever before."

Urlicht (Primal Light)
From the German folk poetry collection Des Knaben Wunderhorn (The Youth’s Magic Horn)
 
O Röschen rot! O little red rose!
Der Mensch liegt in größter Not! Mankind lies in greatest need!
Der Mensch liegt in größter Pein! Mankind lies in greatest pain!
Je lieber möcht’ ich im Himmel sein! I would much rather be in Heaven!
Da kam ich auf einen breiten Weg; Then I found myself on a broad path;
da kam ein Engelein und wollt’ mich abweisen. Came then an angel who would divert me.
Ach nein! Ich ließ mich nicht abweisen! No, no, I will not be diverted!
Ich bin von Gott und will wieder zu Gott! I’m from God, and intend to return to God!
Der liebe Gott wird mir ein Lichtchen geben, The loving God will grant me a small light,
wird leuchten mir bis in das ewig selig Leben! will light me to blessed eternal life!
 
Herbst (Autumn)
Rainer Maria Rilke
 
Die Blätter fallen, fallen wie von weit, The leaves fall, fall as if from afar,
als welkten in den Himmeln ferne Gärten; as if distant gardens withered in the skies;
sie fallen mit verneinender Gebärde. they fall and shake their heads "no."
 
Und in den Nächten fällt die schwere Erde And in the nights, the heavy earth falls,
aus allen Sternen in die Einsamkeit. desolate, away from all the stars.
 
Wir alle fallen. Diese Hand da fällt. We all fall. This hand falls.
Und sieh dir andre an: es ist in allen. And look at the others: it is in them all.
 
Und doch ist Einer, welcher dieses Fallen And yet there is one who holds this falling
unendlich sanft in seinen Händen hält. Endlessly, softly, in his own hands.

Translations: David Roden – Creative Commons 3.0 BY/NC/SA

Further Information:

Excerpt from Bernstein’s 1963 Mahler Concert (Youtube)

Leonard Bernstein’s speech at United Jewish Appeal benefit, 25 Nov 1963

Baritone Thomas Hampson on the origins of Mahler’s Urlicht (Hampsong Foundation)

Erich Leinsdorf’s Tribute to JFK, Friday 22 November 1963 (Time Magazine)

Isaac Stern plays the Bach Chaconne (Youtube)

The Leaves Are Falling (PDF: Eastman Wind Ensemble conductor Donald Hunsberger interviews composer Warren Benson)

A portion of this article was published in WKSU Classical on 22 November 2012.

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Massimo LaRosa is the orchestra’s principal trombonist.The Cleveland Orchestra’s European tour ends Friday with Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 and Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 10. The final three concerts at Vienna’s Musikverein were sold out.

Vienna is in for a lot more of the Cleveland sound in the future. The orchestra has announced that next year there will be concerts not only at the Musikverein, but also at the Vienna Konzerthaus right across the street.

After Thursday’s rehearsal, some of the musicians had lunch at Vienna’s Naschmarkt. Others visited the Christmas Market outside St. Stephen’s Church, practiced in their hotel rooms, and caught quick naps before the evening concert.

Vienna’s St. Stephen’s Church Vienna’s St. Stephen’s Church Vienna's Christmas Market View from Vienna’s St. Stephen’s Church Vienna's St Stephen's church

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Ambassador Theodore Sedgwick
(Zachary Duvall)

Theodore Sedgwick, the ambassador to the Slovak Republic, is a native Clevelander who grew up in Gates Mills and graduated from the Hawken School. Tuesday at his home in Bratislava, he hosted a little party and confab with the Mayor of Bratislava and representatives of the Cleveland Orchestra.

Omni Quartet
(Zachary Duvall)

Sedgwick and his wife Kate then escorted the group to the Hall of Mirrors of the Primatial Palace for a celebration of the Cleveland-Bratislava Sister City Partnership. There the Omni Quartet performed Beethoven’s String Quartet #15. Following the performance by violinists Jung-Min Amy Lee and Alicia Koelz, violist Joanna Patterson  Zakany, and cellist Tanya Ell, about 100 invitees enjoyed an elegant reception.

Reception
(Zachary Duvall)

This may be the prelude to a much bigger celebration. Ambassador Sedgwick wants the Cleveland Orchestra to perform in Bratislava in October of 2015 to mark the centennial of the Cleveland Agreement. That’s the Slovak version of our Declaration of Independence. It was signed in Cleveland, thanks to the efforts of Cleveland’s Czechoslovakian community. No firm decisions have been made, but Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson reportedly supports the idea.

 

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WKSU Member Nights at Blossom

WKSU members can purchase half-price tickets to four specially chosen Blossom Festival concerts from July 19 through Aug. 30.

(more )


 

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