Scottish-born Frederic Lamond lived from 1868 to 1948. That was perfect timing for him to know many of the greats of the late Romantic Era, and yet be able talk about it in recordings. He was a student of Franz Liszt and described meeting him for the first time in 1885, a year before Liszt died. Lamond was seventeen.
Recently, the Minnesota Orchestra’s musicians and management resolved a long standing dispute partly fueled by the board’s insistence on cutting the players’ salaries. The board was pushing for a 35% giveback. The final agreement reduces the average musician’s salary from $135,000 to $118,000.
Let’s put that pay scale in perspective. The basic tool of an orchestra musician’s trade is his or her instrument. Today, the cost of fine string instruments can easily run into six to seven figures.
A few years back, WKSU arts reporter Vivian Goodman and I wrote about this problem in Instrument Unaffordable.
Part of the reason for the astronomical price tags: collectors. In recent decades, instruments have joined fine art as investment vehicles for the wealthy, driving the price of historical string instruments to record levels. The one bright spot has been the generosity of some museums and music-loving collectors in allowing noted artists – and, sometimes, promising students – to use instruments from their collections.
At 10:20pm last Monday evening (27 January), Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra concertmaster Frank Almond left the auditorium at Wisconsin Lutheran College. He’d just finished playing Olivier Messiaen’s powerful Quartet for the End of Time, and had carefully wrapped the violin to protect it from Milwaukee’s subzero cold.
As he walked to his car, someone approached him. An instant later, Almond was on the ground, shot with a stun gun. His assailant snatched the rare 1715 Stradivarius Almond had been playing minutes before, then jumped into a waiting dark-red minivan and sped away.
Violins made by Antonio Stradivari (1644-1737) – "Strads" – are prized for their distinctive tone quality.
The Lipinski Strad, formerly owned by 19th century virtuoso Karol Lipinski, and earlier by 18th century violinist and composer Giuseppe Tartini, was on long term loan to Almond. Its current owners remain anonymous, but are described as having "strong ties to Milwaukee." Almond had had use of the instrument since 2008. At that time its value was estimated at around $3.5 million. Today it’s valued at around $6 million.
This is hardly the first time that a Strad has been stolen. In fact, of the 540 known to have survived, at least 19 are currently missing.
Some historians have speculated that the "Red Mendelssohn," the inspiration for the 1998 cinematic tale The Red Violin, was stolen shortly after its creation in 1720. It didn’t resurface until one of composer Felix Mendelssohn’s heirs purchased it in Berlin in the 1930s. Elizabeth Pitcairn now plays that violin.
The famed Joshua Bell also uses an instrument that once was "hot." It vanished from Bronislaw Huberman’s Carnegie Hall dressing room in 1936. Huberman never got it back.
Finally, on his deathbed, a minor New York session musician confessed to the theft. For nearly five decades, Julian Altman had been playing Huberman’s Gibson Strad in pickup gigs. He’d smeared it with black shoe polish to disguise it.
Altman had known better than to try to "fence" such a high-profile instrument. The crook who stole Min-Jin Kym’s Strad in a London train station in 2010 wasn’t as canny. Last year (2013), he tried to peddle it for £100. He was promptly arrested.
The Milwaukee theft is particularly unsettling because of the nature of the crime. The violence of the attack – Almond was left lying in the parking lot – has many in the music world rattled.
Furthermore, because it’s effectively impossible to sell such an instrument on the black market, some are wondering whether – as with Huberman’s violin in 1936 – an unscrupulous musician might be behind the theft.
Although the Lipinski Strad was insured, there’s also concern over what effect this loss may have on other collectors’ willingness to lend their instruments to working musicians.
On Friday, an unknown benefactor posted a $100,000 reward for information leading to the return of the instrument. The FBI and Interpol are both on the case, but if you have any knowledge of the attack, or can help identify the escape vehicle, you can call the Milwaukee Police at 414 935-7360. You can also contact the Milwaukee Symphony anonymously at 414 226-7838.
Stradivarius Stolen at The Guardian
Reward Announced at Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel
Frank Almond on the Lipinski Strad at All Things Strings
Stradivarius Violins from The Violin Site
A Violin’s Life: Music for the ‘Lipinski’ Stradivari, CD by Frank Almond at Arkivmusic
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Born on 26 June 1933, Claudio Abbado never actively sought a music director position. He didn’t need to; orchestras recruited him. He was associated with the London Symphony, the Vienna Philharmonic, and the Berlin Philharmonic. Opera, too: La Scala, the Vienna State Opera. Here in the States, he was noted for his work with the Chicago Symphony.
Claudio Abbado died today at his Bologna home following an extended illness. He was 80.
The Guardian has a thoughtful and detailed remembrance.
[H]e raised a superband of players all gathered together for his sake, the Lucerne Festival Orchestra, to heights that many listeners have never experienced in other orchestral concerts.
A recording producer defined his special gift as a sense of "absolute pulse" – more precisely, an unerring sense of the right and natural tempo relations in a piece that could give shape and meaning even to the most seemingly amorphous of works, and within that a supple life to the individual musical phrases that no contemporary has equaled.
Last October, Minneapolis had a newly renovated Orchestra Hall – and, for the second season, no music to fill it.
In 2012, the Minnesota Orchestra Association, claiming the orchestra faced crippling deficits, had proposed a contract slashing musicians’ salaries by 35 percent. The players, skeptical about the board’s financial claims, turned thumbs down. In response, the board locked out the musicians and axed the entire 2012-13 season.
When the musicians said no to 25 percent reductions in early October 2013, management also cancelled this season. Concerns deepened about the orchestra’s future.
With talks at an impasse, some of the musicians left town for other gigs. The remaining players, determined to keep classical music alive in Minneapolis, carried on with concerts at other locations, performing as Musicians of the Minnesota Orchestra. They had even proposed a 10-concert series for this spring.
But in recent weeks, board members who hadn’t previously been involved in negotiations began quietly meeting with musicians’ representatives. Board member Doug Kelley said these informal discussions eventually led to formal talks that "felt like traditional labor negotiations."
The settlement will bring music back to Orchestra Hall in early February (2014). It calls for initial salary cuts of 15 percent. The players will also have to pay more of their medical insurance costs, but this will be partly offset by small raises in the next 2 years.
Both sides compromised in other ways.
The musicians agreed to changes in their work rules, but they earned the right to a greater say in artistic decisions. Some musicians, troubled by a growing trend toward more popular music concerts, got management to agree to 20 weeks’ worth of classical performances per season.
Management landed more flexibility in hiring musicians. They got salary concessions, though smaller ones than they’d originally sought. They also gave the nod to an extraordinary revenue sharing provision: the players will receive additional compensation if the orchestra’s endowment’s investments return at least 10% on average over the 3-year life of the contract.
Board chairman Jon Campbell will step down, but Michael Henson will remain president and CEO.
Despite the pay reductions, the agreement keeps the Minnesota Orchestra in the "top ten" salary tier. The musicians said that was crucial for attracting high-caliber colleagues.
Attracting talent is a problem the orchestra will face immediately. The new contract calls for an ensemble of 95. The orchestra is now 18 short of that number. Time will tell whether the US’s longest orchestra labor dispute ever will have lingering effects on hiring.
What’s more, management has committed to hiring only 7 more players over the 3-year contract term. For now, substitute musicians will fill the gaps. The agreement allows them to be paid less – 90% of the orchestra’s base salary.
The personnel issue that looms largest: the music director. Right now, the orchestra has none. It lost noted Finnish conductor Osmo Vanska in October. Vanska resigned in part because of the cancellation of the orchestra’s scheduled Carnegie Hall appearance. Now that the dispute is settled, will he return? If not, who will replace him?
Many other questions remain, including how (or whether) to fold the orchestra’s scheduled independent concerts into the official season.
One big question: how to rebuild the damaged relationships between the musicians and the Minnesota Orchestra Association. A musicians’ union representative mused, "You don’t lock out people from their jobs for this long without there at least being some lingering feeling." Board member Kelley acknowledged "a little scar tissue." Still, "There is a lot of love for this organization as a whole," said clarinetist Tim Zavadil. "We always knew we could get this done."
Dispute is Over at MPR News
Orchestra Deal Ends Walkout at Minneapolis Star Tribune
Deconstructing Orchestra Debacle at Classical Voice North America
Letter to Our Friends and Community at Minnesota Orchestra Musicians
Musicians and Board Ratify New Contract at Minnesota Orchestra
Marketplace had a good story about the connection between George Frideric Handel and Jimi Hendrix (yes, there actually is one), and I thought it was worth you checking out on the Marketplace page.